Kic Park

Kic Park located at Yangpu, Shanghai, China is a project by 3GATTI Architecture Studio. This project was submitted to Architecture News Plus (ANP) by 3GATTI Architecture Studio. Project’s programme: Public open spaces, gardens, playgrounds, resting areas, advertising supports.


Kik Park is a leftover urban area that Francesco Gatti is surprised to see has escaped being built-up and which is positioned at the entrance to the Kic Village, constructed in recent years for the students at the nearby universities of Fudan and Tongji. Since 2005 when the Italian architect transferred part of his professional activities to China he has recurrently been interested in the possibility of designing interstice spaces – as in the case of the In Factory JingAn Six Loft Buildings (2006), where the outside areas of the redevelopment project were treated on a par with a residential and work environment.

An essential element in his designs has always taken account of inter-activity: in this case between the people concerned (their actions and activities) and the influence of natural elements such as weather and sounds.

In this sense the forms and materials used by the architect (ethereal false ceilings constructed with metal wires, curved forms, faceted voluminous shapes, dappled coverings or panelling) vary depending on the project and its scale. Some solutions are used “una tantum” as they are in response to a specific and contextual condition.

This is the case with Kic Park where Francesco Gatti has imagined a pleated wooden floor destined to be suitable for all the functions that are indispensible in a public area (seats, green spaces, pathways, publicity panels …).

The image used by the architect to illustrate his idea – that of a sheet of paper cut and folded like a fan – brings to mind the epigenetic description that Deleuze gives of spaces characterized by the use of a fold:

Development and evolution are concepts that have changed their significance, because today they designate epigenesis or the apparition of organisms or organs that are neither pre-formed nor built-in but formed from different objects that do not resemble them […] With epigenesis the organic fold is sought after, produced, and multiplied from a surface that is relatively flat and uniform. *

In this way Gatti, using a generic and characterless basis, has accomplished plastic results that are both individual and original, and has introduced divergent intervals into an area that would otherwise be anonymous – thus enabling people to find their own personal space.

The architect has covered the whole surface with wood, an ideal primitive material that is both flexible and hospitable, that grows old and shows the temporary nature of the operation.

Where the wood rises up, one can see a living underworld made of grass and trees.

The architect in this way has predisposed specific spaces where people can chat together, have a rest, or even go skateboarding. A social carpet that does not exclude the coexistence of aggregation and individualism.

* Approximate translation from Le Pli, Leibniz et le Baroque, éd. Les Editions de Minuit, Paris, 1988

  • Project name: Kic Park
  • Location: Yangpu, Shanghai, China
  • Program: Public open spaces, gardens, playgrounds, resting areas, advertising supports
  • Area: Total floor area: 1,100 m2
  • Year: Completion: 2009
  • More details: Materials: Wooden deck, steel structure, brick walls, acrylic boards
  • Client: Shui On Development Limited
  • Project by: 3GATTI Architecture Studio
  • Team: Project team: Francesco Gatti, Summer Nie • Collaborators: Nicole Ni, Francesco Negri, Dalius Ripley, Michele Ruju, Muavii Sun, Charles Mariambourg
  • Text: Giampiero Sanguigni. Courtesy of 3GATTI Architecture Studio
  • Images: Courtesy of 3GATTI Architecture Studio

Potemkin – Post Industrial Meditation Park

Potemkin – Post Industrial Meditation Park located at Kuramata, Echigo-Tsumari, Japan is a project by Marco Casagrande + Sami Rintala. This project was submitted to Architecture News Plus (ANP) by Casagrande Laboratory. Project’s programme: Artistically articulated collage of recycled urban and industrial waste. Potemkin – Post Industrial Meditation Park has nineimages.


Potemkin stands as a post industrial temple, the Acropolis to re-think of the connection between the modern man and nature. I see Potemkin as a cultivated junk yard situated between the ancient rice fields and the river with a straight axis to the Shinto temple.

The park is founded on an illegal garbage dump. The architecture was drawn on site in 1:1 scale on snow by walking the lines with snow-shoes and then built up when the snow melted. Echigo-Tsumari region may get 3 meters of snow.

The Potemkin is an artistically articulated collage of recycled urban and industrial waste, an industrial ruin for post-industrial meditation. Ruin is when man-made has become part of nature. As one enters the park the one inch thick steel walls are on the ground level, but while proceeding further the ground is descending, while the walls keep levelled and thus become 5 metes high. The wall system is framing a set of old oak trees and a series of outdoor and indoor spaces, smaller temples and courtyards with the final focus on the river down in the valley. River, where you may fish your ayu-fish, grill it and eat it up in Potemkin and go home.

The steel temple Potemkin is spiritually connected to the old Shinto temple on the other side of the rice fields. The post industrial meditation park is blessed by the Shinto priest and the 120 Kuramata villagers are continuing now their 400-year old tradition of every night circular dance in Potemkin. A community ritual memorizing a heroic act from the feudal times. All the village can sit on the small oak bench auditorium of the park.

The rice farming village of Kuramata is dying. The younger generations have moved to Nijgata, Tokyo and other cities and the traditions of hundreds of years are about to disappear very rapidly; traditions that are based on a harmonious co-existence between the man and nature – human nature as part of nature. Potemkin celebrates Local Knowledge and by providing an industrial ruin it is providing hope. Urban visitors are often sleeping in Potemkin and they are writing to me that they slept good.


  • Project name: Potemkin – Post Industrial Meditation Park
  • Location: Kuramata, Echigo-Tsumari, Japan
  • Program: Artistically articulated collage of recycled urban and industrial waste
  • Area: Dimensions: 130m long, 5–15m wide, 5m high
  • Year: Completion: July 2003
  • More details: Materials: Kawasaki steel (one inch thick), recycled concrete, recycled asphalt, recycled glass, recycled pottery, river bed stones, white gravel, oak
  • Client: Echigo-Tsumari Contemporaty Art Triennial 2003, curator Sakura Iso
  • Project by: Marco Casagrande + Sami Rintala
  • Team: Project team: Marco Casagrande, Sami Rintala, Edmundo Colon, Chris Constantin, Philippe Gelard, Leslie Cofresi, Marty Ross, Janne Saario, Jan-Arild Sannes, George Lovett, Dean Carman, Joakim Skajaa, Sonny Madonaldo
  • Text: Courtesy of Marco Casagrande
  • Images: Courtesy of Marco Casagrande

Bioluminescence : Bioluminescent Algae

The chemical reaction in this case is due to the oxidation of Luciferin (a name of a type of light emitting biological pigments, in nature we can find bioluminisentes animals such as worms, bacteria, some fish, jellyfish and fireflies.In this case it emits light algae known as Pyrocystis fusiformis, typically do not emit light, however if conditions are good, such as excess nutrients and proper sunlight, algae reproduce quickly and are unable to see the effect better, in fact the red tide has much to do with this phenomenon.